Modeling and Simulation of DC Rail Traction Systems for Energy Saving

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Citations (Scopus)


The modeling and simulation of the electrified transit system is an essential element in the design process of a new railway, or an existing one being modernized, particularly in DC powered railway systems which have significant losses in the power network. With the continuing focus on environmental concerns and rising energy prices, energy-saving operation technology for railway systems has been paid more and more attention. Previous work on energy optimization techniques mainly focuses on optimizing driving strategies subject to geographic and physical constraints, and kinematic equations, which only minimizes the mechanical energy consumption without considering the loss from the power supply network. This paper proposes a DC power network modeling technique and extends the traditional energy-saving methods to develop a novel approach which combines traction power supply network calculations and numerical algorithms to minimize the electrical energy delivered from substations. As train resistance is time-varying with the train movement, iterative algorithms are presented in order to calculate the energy consumption dynamically. Some case studies based on the Beijing Yizhuang Subway Line are presented to illustrate the proposed approach for power network simulation and energy-saving, in which the energy consumption of both the practical operation and optimal operation are compared.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe 17th International IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems. Qingdao: IEEE
PublisherIEEE Xplore
ISBN (Electronic)978-1479960781
ISBN (Print)978-1479960798
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2014


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