miR-29a and miR-29b contribute to pancreatic β-cell-specific silencing of monocarboxylate transporter 1 (Mct1)

Timothy J Pullen, Gabriela da Silva Xavier, Gavin Kelsey, Guy A Rutter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Citations (Scopus)


In pancreatic β cells, elevated glucose concentrations stimulate mitochondrial oxidative metabolism to raise intracellular ATP/ADP levels, prompting insulin secretion. Unusually low levels of expression of genes encoding the plasma membrane monocarboxylate transporter, MCT1 (SLC16A1), as well as lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) ensure that glucose-derived pyruvate is efficiently metabolized by mitochondria, while exogenous lactate or pyruvate is unable to stimulate metabolism and hence insulin secretion inappropriately. We show here that whereas DNA methylation at the Mct1 promoter is unlikely to be involved in cell-type-specific transcriptional repression, three microRNAs (miRNAs), miR-29a, miR-29b, and miR-124, selectively target both human and mouse MCT1 3' untranslated regions. Mutation of the cognate miR-29 or miR-124 binding sites abolishes the effects of the corresponding miRNAs, demonstrating a direct action of these miRNAs on the MCT1 message. However, despite reports of its expression in the mouse β-cell line MIN6, miR-124 was not detectably expressed in mature mouse islets. In contrast, the three isoforms of miR-29 are highly expressed and enriched in mouse islets. We show that inhibition of miR-29a in primary mouse islets increases Mct1 mRNA levels, demonstrating that miR-29 isoforms contribute to the β-cell-specific silencing of the MCT1 transporter and may thus affect insulin release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3182-3194
Number of pages13
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biology
Issue number15
Early online date11 Jul 2011
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011


  • 3' Untranslated Regions
  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • DNA Methylation
  • Glucose/metabolism
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Humans
  • Insulin/biosynthesis
  • Insulin-Secreting Cells/metabolism
  • Isoenzymes/biosynthesis
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/biosynthesis
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • MicroRNAs/genetics
  • Mitochondria/metabolism
  • Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters/biosynthesis
  • Mutation
  • Pancreas
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Protein Binding
  • Pyruvic Acid/metabolism
  • RNA Interference
  • RNA, Messenger/analysis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Symporters/biosynthesis
  • Transcription, Genetic


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