Millimeter-Wave High Gain Frequency-Scanned Antenna Based on Waveguide Continuous Transverse Stubs

Yang You, Yunlong Lu, Qingchun You, Yi Wang, Jifu Huang, Michael Lancaster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
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A millimeter-wave frequency-scanned antenna (FSA) based on continuous transverse stubs (CTSs) for beam steering applications is presented in this communication. The waveguide CTS radiation slots are fed by a wideband quasi-TEM linear source generator (LSG). To increase the scanning angle, a non-uniform slow-wave structure is employed underneath the radiation slots to control the amplitude and phase distributions. The LSG is constructed of a parallel-plate waveguide (PPW) excited by a modified three-stage 1-to-8 power divider, generating high quality quasi-TEM wave over a wide frequency band. The beam direction is tunable with varying frequency. To validate the design, a prototype array at Ka-band is designed, fabricated and measured. Excellent agreement is achieved between simulations and measurements. The measured results show that the proposed array has an impedance bandwidth from 26 to 42 GHz (47%). The peak gain is 22.9-29.2 dBi and the radiation angle can be scanned from −56.2° to −2.2°. Over the entire frequency band, the first sidelobe is suppressed to below −12.6 dB.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2018


  • Antenna arrays
  • Bandwidth
  • Computed tomography
  • continuous transverse stub (CTS)
  • Feeds
  • Frequency scanned antenna
  • Gain
  • high gain antenna
  • millimeter wave antenna
  • quasi-TEM linear source generator
  • Slot antennas

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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