Microwave surface impedance measurements of Sr2RuO4: The effect of impurities

PJ Baker, RJ Ormeno, Colin Gough, ZQ Mao, S Nishizaki, Y Maeno

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8 Citations (Scopus)


The temperature, purity, and frequency dependence of the real and imaginary components of the complex surface impedance of three single crystals of the proposed p-wave superconductor Sr2RuO4, with T-c values of 1.40, 1.24, and 0.74 K, have been measured over a range of microwave frequencies from 4-16 GHz down to 100 mK. The unusual superconducting microwave properties can be described by a multiband, two-fluid model consistent with electron relaxation times remaining largely unchanged on entering the superconducting state and energy gaps on all bands having the same temperature dependence. In addition, the model is consistent with nonmagnetic impurity scattering strongly suppressing the superconducting fractions leading to large residual losses at low temperatures and an increase in penetration depth. Model independent derivations of the complex microwave conductivity are shown to be largely consistent with such a scenario.
Original languageEnglish
Article number115126
Pages (from-to)115126
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2009


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