MicroRNAs and long non-coding RNAs in adrenocortical carcinoma

Mario Detomas, Claudia Pivonello, Bianca Pellegrini, Laura-sophie Landwehr, Silviu Sbiera, Rosario Pivonello, Cristina L. Ronchi, Annamaria Colao, Barbara Altieri, Maria Cristina De Martino

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Abstract

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are a type of genetic material that do not encode proteins but regulate the gene expression at an epigenetic level, such as microRNAs (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). The role played by ncRNAs in many physiological and pathological processes has gained attention during the last few decades, as they might be useful in the diagnosis, treatment and management of several human disorders, including endocrine and oncological diseases. Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare and aggressive endocrine cancer, still characterized by high mortality and morbidity due to both endocrine and oncological complications. Despite the rarity of this disease, recently, the role of ncRNA has been quite extensively evaluated in ACC. In order to better explore the role of the ncRNA in human ACC, this review summarizes the current knowledge on ncRNA dysregulation in ACC and its potential role in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of this tumor.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2234
Number of pages18
JournalCells
Volume11
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jul 2022

Keywords

  • miRNA
  • lncRNA
  • adrenocortical tumor
  • ACC
  • adrenocortical adenoma
  • prognostic markers

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