Metasurface enabled wide-angle fourier lens

Wenwei Liu, Zhancheng Li, Hua Cheng, Chengchun Tang, Junjie Li, Shuang Zhang, Shuqi Chen, Jianguo Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Fourier optics, the principle of using Fourier transformation to understand the functionalities of optical elements, lies at the heart of modern optics, and it has been widely applied to optical information processing, imaging, holography, etc. While a simple thin lens is capable of resolving Fourier components of an arbitrary optical wavefront, its operation is limited to near normal light incidence, i.e., the paraxial approximation, which puts a severe constraint on the resolvable Fourier domain. As a result, high‐order Fourier components are lost, resulting in extinction of high‐resolution information of an image. Other high numerical aperture Fourier lenses usually suffer from the bulky size and costly designs. Here, a dielectric metasurface consisting of high‐aspect‐ratio silicon waveguide array is demonstrated experimentally, which is capable of performing 1D Fourier transform for a large incident angle range and a broad operating bandwidth. Thus, the device significantly expands the operational Fourier space, benefitting from the large numerical aperture and negligible angular dispersion at large incident angles. The Fourier metasurface will not only facilitate efficient manipulation of spatial spectrum of free‐space optical wavefront, but also be readily integrated into micro‐optical platforms due to its compact size.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1706368
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume30
Issue number23
Early online date19 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2018

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