Meta-analysis of prognostic factors for patients with colorectal peritoneal metastasis undergoing cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy: Prognostic factors in colorectal peritoneal metastasis

S. Hallam, R. Tyler, M. Price, A. Beggs, H. Youssef

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background
Up to 15 per cent of colorectal cancers present with peritoneal metastases (CPM). Cytoreductive surgery and heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS + HIPEC) aims to achieve macroscopic tumour resection combined with HIPEC to destroy microscopic disease. CRS + HIPEC is a major operation with significant morbidity and effects on quality of life (QoL). Improving patient selection is crucial to maximize patient outcomes while minimizing morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to identify prognostic factors for patients with CPM undergoing CRS + HIPEC.

Methods
A systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library electronic databases was performed using terms for colorectal cancer, peritoneal metastasis and CRS + HIPEC. Included studies focused on the impact of prognostic factors on overall survival following CRS + HIPEC in patients with CPM.

Results
Twenty‐four studies described 3128 patients. Obstruction or perforation of the primary tumour (hazard ratio (HR) 2·91, 95 per cent c.i. 1·5 to 5·65), extent of peritoneal metastasis as described by the Peritoneal Carcinomatosis Index (PCI) (per increase of 1 PCI point: HR 1·07, 1·02 to 1·12) and the completeness of cytoreduction (CC score above zero: HR 1·75, 1·18 to 2·59) were associated with reduced overall survival after CRS + HIPEC.

Conclusion
Primary tumour obstruction or perforation, PCI score and CC score are valuable prognostic factors in the selection of patients with CPM for CRS + HIPEC.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)585-594
Number of pages10
JournalBJGP Open
Volume3
Issue number5
Early online date27 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

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