Mechanical Activation of Tetracalcium Phosphate

U Gbureck, Jake Barralet, Michael Hofmann, R Thull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)


It was found that prolonged high-energy ball-milling of Hilgenstokite (tetracalcium phosphate, TTCP) resulted in a decrease in both particle and crystallite size, leading to a mechanical activation of the compound. This mechanically activated material demonstrated a high reactivity such that, in contrast to highly crystalline TTCP, a setting reaction with water to nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite (HA) and Ca(OH)(2) could be achieved at 37degreesC. However, crystalline TTCP is practically unreactive at physiologic temperatures because of the formation of a thin HA layer on the particle surface preventing further reaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-313
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2004


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