Measuring Enjoyment of Physical Activity in Children: Validation of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale

JB Moore, Z Yin, J Hanes, Joan Duda, B Gutin, P Barbeau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

110 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

This study sought to determine the reliability and validity of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) in elementary school children. The sample consisted of 564 3rd grade students (M age = 8.72 .54; 268 male, 296 female) surveyed at the beginning of the fall semester. Results indicated that the PACES displayed good internal consistency and item-total correlations. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a unidimensional factor structure. Scores on the PACES were significantly correlated with task goal orientation (r = .65, p .01), athletic competence (r = .23, p .01), physical appearance (r = .20, p .01), and self-reported physical activity (r = .16, p .01). However, results of invariance analysis suggested the factor structure is variant across sex. The present findings suggest support for the validity of the PACES as a valid measure of enjoyment of physical activity in children; nevertheless, further research examining the invariance of the factor structure across sex is warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)116-129
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009

Keywords

  • confirmatory factor-analysis
  • activity questionnaire
  • obesity
  • prevention
  • sport participants
  • older children
  • fit indexes
  • self-esteem
  • determinants
  • invariance
  • girls

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