Measuring and comparing physical education teachers' perceived attributes of cspaps: An innovation adoption perspective

Collin A. Webster*, Diana Mîndrilǎ, Chanta Moore, Gregory Stewart, Karie Orendorff, Sally Taunton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: Drawing from the diffusion of innovations theory, this study aimed to develop a survey to measure physical education teachers' perceived attributes of comprehensive school physical activity programs (CSPAPs) and examine the differences between adopters' and potential adopters' perceived attributes. Method: The authors created an electronic survey and e-mailed it to 2,955 physical education teachers identified from a random sample of all public schools in the United States. The participants' (N = 407) responses were analyzed using the exploratory structural equation modeling framework. Results: The exploratory structural equation modeling yielded five factors: (a) compatibility, (b) relative advantage, (c) observability, (d) simplicity, and (e) trialability (χ2 /df = 3.2; root mean square error of approximation = .074; comparative-fit index = .983; Tucker-Lewis index = .971; weighted root mean residual = .668). Compared with potential adopters, teachers who had already adopted a CSPAP perceived CSPAPs as simpler to implement but less trialable. Discussion/Conclusion: This study advances the measurement for CSPAP implementation and offers insight into program attributes that merit a targeted focus in efforts to increase CSPAP adoption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-90
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Teaching in Physical Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Human Kinetics, Inc.


  • Comprehensive school physical activity program
  • Diffusion of innovations theory
  • Program adoption
  • Survey
  • Wholeof-school approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Education


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