Measurements of the cross wind forces on trains

Christopher Baker, F Lopez-Calleja, J Jones, J Munday

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

180 Citations (Scopus)


The results of full-scale and wind tunnel experiments to measure the cross wind time averaged and unsteady forces and moments on trains are presented. The results demonstrate good agreement between the two sets of experiments but also illustrate the need for care in simulating local roughness effects in the wind tunnel simulation. It is also shown that quasi-steady effects need to be taken into account when calculating force and moment aerodynamic admittances. (C) 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-563
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004


  • full-scale measurements
  • wind tunnel measurements
  • aerodynamic admittance
  • cross winds
  • trains


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