Measurement of Chern numbers through center-of-mass responses

Hannah M Price, O. Zilberberg, T. Ozawa, I. Carusotto, N. Goldman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)
173 Downloads (Pure)


Probing the center-of-mass of an ultracold atomic cloud can be used to measure Chern numbers, the topological invariants underlying the quantum Hall effects. In this work, we show how such center-of-mass observables can have a much richer dependence on topological invariants than previously discussed. In fact, the response of the center of mass depends not only on the current density, typically measured in a solid-state system, but also on the particle density, which itself can be sensitive to the topology of the band structure. We apply a semiclassical approach, supported by numerical simulations, to highlight the key differences between center-of-mass responses and more standard conductivity measurements. We illustrate this by analyzing both the two- and four-dimensional quantum Hall effects. These results have important implications for experiments in engineered topological systems, such as ultracold gases and photonics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245113
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jun 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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