Maximal God: A New Defence of Perfect Being Theism

Yujin Nagasawa

Research output: Book/ReportBook

13 Citations (Scopus)


Perfect being theism is a version of theism which says that God is the greatest possible being. Although perfect being theism is the most common form of monotheism in the Judeo-Christian-Islamic tradition its truth has been disputed by philosophers and theologians for centuries. In Maximal God, Yujin Nagasawa proposes a new, game-changing defence of perfect being theism by developing what he calls the ‘maximal concept of God’. Perfect being theists typically maintain that God is an omniscient, omnipotent and omnibenevolent being but, according to Nagasawa, God should be understood rather as a being that has the maximal consistent set of knowledge, power and benevolence. Nagasawa argues that once we accept the maximal concept we can establish perfect being theism on two grounds. First, we can refute nearly all existing arguments against perfect being theism simultaneously. Second, we can construct a novel, strengthened version of the modal ontological argument for perfect being theism. Nagasawa concludes that the maximal concept grants us a unified defence of perfect being theism that is highly effective and economical.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherOxford University Press
Number of pages242
ISBN (Print)9780198758686
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2017


  • perfect being theism
  • ontological argument
  • God
  • maximal concept of God
  • monotheism
  • omnipotence
  • omniscience
  • omnibenevolence


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