Mathematical Modeling Study of Scroll Air Motors and Energy Efficiency Analysis-Part I

Jihong Wang, L Yang, X Luo, S Mangan, JW Derby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)


A scroll air motor, also known as a scroll expander, is a relatively new concept to pneumatic actuators. Its unique structure leads to its feature of high ability in energy conversion. In recent years, scroll air motors have been adopted by combined heat and power boilers, uninterrupted power supplies, and some other energy storage systems as a new mechatronic device for energy conversion. The paper aims to present the work in developing a complete mathematical model of the scroll air motor for analysis of scroll energy efficiency and the factors affecting energy efficiency. The work will be reported in two parts of the paper. The paper describes the derivation of spiral equations, chamber volume calculations, and the driving torque of the scroll air motor. The dynamic process modeling and energy efficiency analysis will be presented in Part II of the paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-121
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2011


  • simulation study
  • mathematical description
  • Geometry
  • scroll air motors


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