Maritime Moving Target Indication Using Passive GNSS-based Bistatic Radar

H. Ma, M. Antoniou, D. Pastina, F. Santi, F. Pieralice, M. Bucciarelli, M. Cherniakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper is a first introduction to the concept of using Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) as illuminators of opportunity in a passive bistatic real-time radar system for maritime target indication applications. An overview of the system concept and the signal processing algorithms for Moving Target Indication (MTI) is provided. To verify the feasibility of the system implementation as well as test the developed signal processing algorithms, an experimental test bed was developed and the appropriate experimental campaign with the new Galileo satellites and a ferry as the target was carried out. The results confirm the system concept and its potential for multi-static operation, with the ferry being detected simultaneously by two satellites.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Issue number99
Early online date15 Aug 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 15 Aug 2017


  • Doppler effect
  • Galileo
  • GNSS-based radar
  • Maritime Moving Target Indication (M-MTI)
  • Passive radar
  • passive radar
  • Range Doppler processing
  • Receivers
  • Satellites
  • Signal processing algorithms
  • Spaceborne radar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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