Managing war to peace transitions after intra-state conflicts: configurations of successful peace processes

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Examining 50 intra-state peace processes (1989-2006) through fsQCA, we identify three clusters of peace agreements being consistently associated with successful war-to peace transitions: ‘an international approach’, ‘a transitional justice approach’, and ‘a domestic approach’. Probing these configurations at the case level shows that successful peace processes typically include packages of provisions which trigger both cost-increasing and fear-reducing mechanisms; that transitional justice provisions and education reform can trigger cost-increasing mechanisms; and that territorial self-governance can substitute effectively foreign involvement in separatist conflicts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Intervention and Statebuilding
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank the editors of the Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding and anonymous reviewers for their swift, extensive and thought-provoking feedback. We would also like to thank the many colleagues who offered feedback on previous drafts of this article, particularly members of the University of Birmingham’s Political Settlements Research Group, Prof Ruggeri and Prof Costello at SISP 2018. Research for this article was made possible by the generous contributions of the Institute for Advances Studies and College of Social Sciences at the University of Birmingham and by the Leverhulme Trust under Grant ECF-2015-026.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, © 2020 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • peace agreements
  • transitional justice
  • power-sharing
  • international intervention
  • territorial self-governance
  • education
  • Peace agreements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law
  • Political Science and International Relations


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