Macrophage-inflammatory protein-1alpha regulates preosteoclast differentiation in vitro

B A Scheven, J S Milne, I Hunter, S P Robins

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62 Citations (Scopus)


A validated in vitro system was used to investigate the nature of osteoclast-inducing growth factors (OGF) present in fetal rat calvarial conditioned medium (RCCM). Evidence is presented here that macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha (MIP-1alpha), a member of the C-C chemokine family, is an essential factor for the induction of osteoclast differentiation in this system. Specific polyclonal antibodies against MIP-1alpha significantly inhibited development of TRAP-positive osteoclast precursors and multinucleated osteoclasts induced by RCCM. Anti-MIP-1alpha antibody treatment was accompanied by an increase in the number of macrophage-like cells, suggesting that bone-derived MIP-1alpha is involved in the direction of preosteoclast formation with an inhibitory action on progenitor cell proliferation. Reverse-phase HPLC of RCCM resolved multiple fractions with OGF activity. OGF fractions separated at low acetonitrile (AcN) concentrations (
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)773-8
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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