Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This report was funded by a National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Global Health Research Unit Grant (NIHR 16.136.79), Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland, Bowel & Cancer Research, Bowel Research UK, Association of Upper Gastrointestinal Surgeons, British Association of Surgical Oncology, British Gynaecological Cancer Society, European Society of Coloproctology, Medtronic, NIHR Academy, The Urology Foundation, Sarcoma UK, Vascular Society for Great Britain and Ireland, Yorkshire Cancer Research, and the MRC Health Data Research UK (HDRUK/CFC/01), an initiative funded by UK Research and Innovation, Department of Health and Social Care (England) and the devolved administrations, and leading medical research charities. L.B.M. and G.V.G. also acknowledge the Wellcome Trust 4-year studentship programme in mechanisms of inflammatory disease (MIDAS; 215182/Z/19/Z). The funders had no role in study design, data collection, analysis and interpretation, or writing of this report. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the National Health Service, the NIHR, or the UK Department of Health and Social Care.
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