m6A in mRNA: An ancient mechanism for fine-tuning gene expression

Jean-Yves Roignant, Matthias Soller

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148 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Modifications in messenger RNA (mRNA) constitute ancient mechanisms to regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally. N6 -methyladenosine (m6 A) is the most prominent mRNA modification, which is installed by a large methyltransferase complex (the m6 A ‘writer’), specifically bound by RNA binding proteins (the m6 A ‘readers), but also removed by demethylases (the m6 A ‘erasers’). m6 A mRNA modifications have been linked to regulation at multiple steps in mRNA processing. In analogy to the regulation of gene expression by miRNAs, 3 we propose that the main function of m6 A is post-transcriptional fine-tuning of gene expression. In contrast to miRNA regulation, which mostly reduces gene expression, we argue that m6 A provides a fast mean to post-transcriptionally maximise gene expression. Additionally, m6 A appears to have a second function during developmental transitions by targeting m6 A-marked transcripts for degradation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)380-390
Number of pages11
JournalTrends in Genetics
Volume33
Issue number6
Early online date9 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017

Keywords

  • sex lethal
  • Xist
  • alternative splicing/polyadenylation
  • mRNA export
  • mRNA stability
  • mRNA translation

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