Lung cancer mortality in UK nickel-cadmium battery workers, 1947-2000

Thomas Sorahan, NA Esmen

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AIMS: To investigate mortality from lung cancer in nickel-cadmium battery workers in relation to cumulative exposure to cadmium hydroxide. METHODS: The mortality of a cohort of 926 male workers from a factory engaged in the manufacture of nickel-cadmium batteries in the West Midlands of England was investigated for the period 1947-2000. All subjects were first employed at the plant in the period 1947-75 and employed for a minimum period of 12 months. Work histories were available for the period 1947-86; the factory closed down in 1992. Two analytical approaches were used, indirect standardisation and Poisson regression. RESULTS: Based on serial mortality rates for the general population of England and Wales, significantly increased mortality was shown for cancers of the pharynx (observed (Obs) 4, expected (Exp) 0.7, standardised mortality ratio (SMR) 559, p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)108-116
Number of pages9
JournalOccupational and Environmental Medicine
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004


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