Luminosity functions of XMM-LSS C1 galaxy clusters

A Alshino, H Khosroshahi, Trevor Ponman, J Willis, M Pierre, F Pacaud, Graham Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey optical photometry has been used to study the galaxy luminosity functions (LFs) of 14 X-ray selected clusters from the XMM Large Scale Survey (XMM-LSS) survey. These are mostly groups and poor clusters, with masses (M-500) in the range 0.6 to 19 x 1013 M-circle dot and redshifts 0.05 <z <0.61. Hence, these are some of the highest redshift X-ray selected groups to have been studied. Lower and upper colour cuts were used to determine cluster members. We derive individual LFs for all clusters as well as redshift-stacked and temperature-stacked LFs in three filters, g', r' and z', down to M = -14.5. All LFs were fitted by Schechter functions which constrained the faint-end slope, alpha, but did not always fit well to the bright end. Derived values of alpha ranged from -1.03 to as steep as -2.1. We find no evidence for upturns at faint magnitudes. Evolution in alpha was apparent in all bands: it becomes shallower with increasing redshift; for example, in the z' band it flattened from -1.75 at low redshift to -1.22 in the redshift range z = 0.43-0.61. Eight of our systems lie at z similar to 0.3, and we combine these to generate a galaxy LF in three colours for X-ray selected groups and poor clusters at redshift 0.3. We find that at z similar to 0.3 alpha is steeper (-1.67) in the green (g') band than it is (-1.30) in the red (z') band. This colour trend disappears at low redshift, which we attribute to reddening of faint blue galaxies from z similar to 0.3 to 0. We also calculated the total optical luminosity and found it to correlate strongly with X-ray luminosity (L-X proportional to L2.1(OPT)), and also with ICM temperature (L-OPT proportional to T1.62), consistent with expectations for self-similar clusters with constant mass-to-light ratio. We did not find any convincing correlation of Schechter parameters with mean cluster temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-962
Number of pages22
JournalRoyal Astronomical Society. Monthly Notices
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2010


  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: structure
  • galaxies: luminosity function
  • galaxies: evolution
  • mass function


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