Low Grade Heat Driven Adsorption System For Cooling and Power Generation Using Advanced Adsorbent Materials

Fadhel Al-Mousawi, Raya Al-Dadah, Saad Mahmoud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)
162 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Globally there is abundance of low grade heat sources (around 150 oC) from renewables like solar energy or from industrial waste heat. The exploitation of such low grade heat sources will reduce fossil fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Adsorption technology offers the potential of using such low grade heat to generate cooling and power. In this work, the effect of using advanced adsorbent materials like AQSOA-Z02 (SAPO-34) zeolite and MIL101Cr Metal Organic Framework (MOF) at various operating conditions on power and cooling performance compared to that of commonly used silica-gel was investigated using water as refrigerant. A mathematical model for a two bed adsorption cooling cycle has been developed with the cycle modified to produce power by incorporating an expander between the desorber and the condenser. Results show that it is possible to produce power and cooling at the same time without affecting the cooling output. Results also show that for all adsorbents used as the heat source temperature increases, the cooling effect and power generated increase. As for increasing the cold bed temperature, this will decrease the cooling effect and power output except for SAPO-34 which shows slightly increasing trend of cooling and power output. As the condenser cooling temperature increases, the cooling effect and power output will decrease while for the chilled water temperature, the cooling load and power generated increased as the temperature increased. The maximum values of average specific power generation (SP), specific cooling power (SCP) and cycle efficiency are 73 W/kgads, 681 W/kgads (using SAPO-34) and 67% (using Silica-gel) respectively. However, MIL101Cr can generate SP and SCP of 95 W/kgads and 1367 W/kgads respectively ,but this case cannot consider to be practical operating conditions, because of using relatively low cooling source temperature, but this material still offers potential of generating power.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-384
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume126
Early online date16 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2016

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