List H-coloring a graph by removing few vertices

Rajesh Chitnis, László Egri, Dániel Marx*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
126 Downloads (Pure)


In the deletion version of the list homomorphism problem, we are given graphs G and H, a list L(v) ⊆ V(H) for each vertex v∈ V(G) , and an integer k. The task is to decide whether there exists a set W⊆ V(G) of size at most k such that there is a homomorphism from G\ W to H respecting the lists. We show that DL-Hom(H), parameterized by k and |H|, is fixed-parameter tractable for any (P6, C6) -free bipartite graph H; already for this restricted class of graphs, the problem generalizes Vertex Cover, Odd Cycle Transversal, and Vertex Multiway Cut parameterized by the size of the cutset and the number of terminals. We conjecture that DL-Hom(H) is fixed-parameter tractable for the class of graphs H for which the list homomorphism problem (without deletions) is polynomial-time solvable; by a result of Feder et al. (Combinatorica 19(4):487–505, 1999), a graph H belongs to this class precisely if it is a bipartite graph whose complement is a circular arc graph. We show that this conjecture is equivalent to the fixed-parameter tractability of a single fairly natural satisfiability problem, Clause Deletion Chain-SAT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-146
Number of pages37
Issue number1
Early online date27 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - May 2017


  • Fixed-parameter tractability
  • Graph homomorphism
  • Iterative compression
  • Shadow removal
  • Treewidth reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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