Leukocyte trafficking in experimental autoimmune uveitis in vivo

A Parnaby-Price, M R Stanford, J Biggerstaff, L Howe, R A Whiston, J Marshall, G R Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Leukocyte trafficking from blood into tissue is a fundamental process in immune surveillance and the immune response to stimuli. Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) is an animal model for posterior uveitis and is mediated by T lymphocytes and macrophages that infiltrate the posterior segment of the eye. To analyze leukocyte migration into retinal tissue during the course of EAU, labeled cells were identified in vivo by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and in retinal flatmounts by confocal microscopy. Adhesion of blood leukocytes to retinal endothelial cells in vivo was significantly raised 48 h before the appearance of clinical disease, and this correlated with the increased expression of CD54 on retinal vessels. Mitogen-activated spleen cells and CD4+ T cells only entered into retinal tissue in animals with clinical disease and not naive recipients. The disease status of the donor animal had no effect on leukocyte trafficking. These results, which identify leukocyte-endothelial cell interactions in vivo, suggest that the activation of the retinal endothelium is a prerequisite to leukocyte adhesion and extravasation into ocular tissue during EAU.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-40
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998


  • Animals
  • Arthritis, Experimental
  • Autoimmune Diseases
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Endothelium, Vascular
  • Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1
  • Leukocytes
  • Macrophages
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • Retinal Vessels
  • Spleen
  • T-Lymphocytes
  • Time Factors
  • Uveitis


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