Left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony is a predictor of cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction

Y Zhang, GW Yip, AKY Chan, M Wang, WWM Lam, JWH Fung, JYS Chan, John Sanderson, CM Yu

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives We sought to determine whether early assessment of left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony by tissue Doppler imaging may predict progressive ventricular enlargement and cardiac dysfunction after acute myocardial infarction (MI). Methods Forty-seven patients (mean age 59.9 +/- 11.6 years) with normal QRS duration underwent tissue Doppler imaging and contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (Ce-MRI) at days 2 to 6, 3 months, and at 1 year after the index MI. Systolic dyssynchrony index (Ts-SD) was calculated from 12 LV segments, and infarct size (IS) by Ce-MRI. Results The remodeling group (n = 16) (defined as an increase in end-systolic volume >= 10% between 1 year and baseline) had greater initial IS (27.2 +/- 9.6 vs 13.7 4.1 %, P <.001) and Ts-SD (50.9 +/- 12.8 vs 33.6 +/- 7.7 milliseconds, P <.001) than nonremodeling group (n = 31). At 1 year, the remodeling group had progressive increase in Ts-SD and decrease in LV ejection fraction (57.3 +/- 18.5 and 36.0 +/- 7.6%, respectively; both P <.05 vs baseline). Both Ts-SD (odds ratio 1.19 [1.07-1.32], P = .001) and IS (odds ratio 1.65 [1.19-2.29], P = .003) were shown to be independent predictors of progressive LV remodeling. A cutoff value of Ts-SD 45 milliseconds predicted LV remodeling at 1 year (sensitivity 90.5%, specificity 90.9%, Area-under-curve 0.907) (P = .0005). Conclusions Left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony is a newly identified predictor of chronic LV remodeling after acute MI, which is independent and incremental to conventional assessment and IS as measured by Ce-MRI. (Am Heart J 2008; 156:1124-32.)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1124-1132
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2008


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