Left ventricular non-compaction: clinical features and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging

ZR Yousef, Paul Foley, K Khadjooi, S Chalil, H Sandman, NU Mohammed, F Leyva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)
212 Downloads (Pure)


Background: It is apparent that despite lack of family history, patients with the morphological characteristics of left ventricular non-compaction develop arrhythmias, thrombo-embolism and left ventricular dysfunction. METHODS: Forty two patients, aged 48.7 +/- 2.3 yrs (mean +/- SEM) underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) for the quantification of left ventricular volumes and extent of non-compacted (NC) myocardium. The latter was quantified using planimetry on the two-chamber long axis LV view (NC area). The patients included those referred specifically for CMR to investigate suspected cardiomyopathy, and as such is represents a selected group of patients. RESULTS: At presentation, 50% had dyspnoea, 19% chest pain, 14% palpitations and 5% stroke. Pulmonary embolism had occurred in 7% and brachial artery embolism in 2%. The ECG was abnormal in 81% and atrial fibrillation occurred in 29%. Transthoracic echocardiograms showed features of NC in only 10%. On CMR, patients who presented with dyspnoea had greater left ventricular volumes (both p <0.0001) and a lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p <0.0001) than age-matched, healthy controls. In patients without dyspnoea (n = 21), NC area correlated positively with end-diastolic volume (r = 0.52, p = 0.0184) and end-systolic volume (r = 0.56, p = 0.0095), and negatively with EF (r = -0.72, p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Left ventricular non-compaction is associated with dysrrhythmias, thromboembolic events, chest pain and LV dysfunction. The inverse correlation between NC area and EF suggests that NC contributes to left ventricular dysfunction.
Original languageEnglish
Article number37
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2009


Dive into the research topics of 'Left ventricular non-compaction: clinical features and cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this