In the ancient world, letters formed the main means of long-distance communication, while most political negotiation and action took place in face-to-face meetings and institutions. The civil wars of Rome in the first century bce challenged the position of the City of Rome as the locus of political action; during the civil wars of the 40s and 30s bce, much political power and leadership was communicated and negotiated through letters rather than in person. Cicero’s correspondence with friends, senatorial colleagues and political connections provides a major corpus of such political communication, negotiation and leadership. This chapter applies modern management theory on leadership, specifically “transformational leadership” theory, to Cicero’s correspondence with C. Cassius Longinus (one of the murderers of Julius Caesar), in order to assess the nature of Cicero’s (attempted) epistolary leadership and to understand the more characteristic features of this leadership through letters.
|Title of host publication||Leadership and Initiative in Late Republican and Early Imperial Rome|
|Editors||Roman M. Frolov, Christopher Burden-Strevens|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Feb 2022|
|Name||Mnemosyne, Supplements, History and Archaeology of Classical Antiquity|