Large eddy simulation of air entrainment and mixing in reacting and non-reacting diesel sprays

Cheng Gong, Mehdi Jangi, Tommaso Lucchini, Gianluca D'Errico, Xue Song Bai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Large eddy simulation is performed to investigate air entrainment and mixing in diesel sprays with and without combustion. The Spray A case of the Engine Combustion Network (ECN) is considered in the study, in which liquid n-Dodecane is injected at 1500 bar through a nozzle of 90 μm into a constant volume vessel with an ambient density of 22.8 kg/m3 and an ambient temperature of 900 K. Primary and secondary breakup processes of the liquid fuel are taken into account. The gas and liquid phases are modeled using Eulerian/Lagrangian coupling approach. Detailed chemical kinetics for n-Dodecane is employed to simulate the ignition process and the lifted flames. A chemistry coordinate mapping approach is used for speeding up the calculations. The effect of low temperature ignition (cool flame) on the evaporation process and on the liquid penetration length is analyzed. The effect of combustion heat release from the lifted flames on the vapor spreading in the radial direction and on the vapor transport in the streamwise direction (vapor penetration) is investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-404
Number of pages20
JournalFlow, Turbulence and Combustion
Issue number3
Early online date23 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2014


  • Air entrainment
  • Diesel combustion
  • Diesel spray
  • Large eddy simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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