Janus-faced youth justice work and the transformation of accountability

V. Armitage, L. Kelly, J. Phoenix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This article revisits claims about the relationship between ‘standardisation’, ‘discretion’ and ‘accountability’ in youth justice made in the wake of the Crime and Disorder Act 1998. We argue that less centralisation and less standardisation have transformed accountability, but this is experienced differently according to the place held in the organisational hierarchy. This recognition demands a more nuanced understanding of ‘practitioner discretion’, which can account for differences between managerial and frontline experiences of what we describe as ‘janus-faced youth justice work’, and a broad definition of the youth justice field and associated actors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-495
JournalHoward Journal of Criminal Justice
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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