While remaining extracellular, enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) establish direct links with the cytoskeleton of the target epithelial cell leading to the formation of actin-rich pedestals underneath attached bacteria. The translocated adaptor protein Tir forms the transmembrane bridge between the cytoskeleton and the bacterium; the extracellular domain of Tir functions as a receptor for the bacterial adhesin intimin, while the intracellular amino and carboxy termini interact with a number of focal adhesion and other cytoskeletal proteins; and recruitment of some is dependent on phosphorylation of Tyr 474. Using Tir as bait and HeLa cell cDNA library as prey in a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified cytokeratin 18 as a novel Tir partner protein. Cytokeratin 18 is recruited to the EPEC-induced pedestal and has a direct role in actin accretion and cytoskeleton reorganization. This study is the first to implicate intermediate filaments in microfilament reorganization following EPEC infection.