Introducing CAFein, A New Computational Tool for Stellar Pulsations and Dynamic Tides

F. Valsecchi, W. M. Farr, B. Willems, F. A. Rasio, V. Kalogera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Here we present CAFein, a new computational tool for investigating radiative dissipation of dynamic tides in close binaries and of non-adiabatic, non-radial stellar oscillations in isolated stars in the linear regime. For the latter, CAFein computes the non-adiabatic eigenfrequencies and eigenfunctions of detailed stellar models. The code is based on the so-called Riccati method, a numerical algorithm that has been successfully applied to a variety of stellar pulsators, and which doesn't suffer of the major drawbacks of commonly used shooting and relaxation schemes. Here we present an extension of the Riccati method to investigate dynamic tides in close binaries. We demonstrate CAFein's capabilities as a stellar pulsation code both in the adiabatic and non-adiabatic regime, by reproducing previously published eigenfrequencies of a polytrope, and by successfully identifying the unstable modes of a stellar model in the beta Cephei/SPB region of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. Finally, we verify CAFein's behavior in the dynamic tides regime by investigating the effects of dynamic tides on the eigenfunctions and orbital and spin evolution of massive Main Sequence stars in eccentric binaries. The plethora of asteroseismic data provided by the NASA's Kepler satellite, some of which include the direct detection of tidally excited stellar oscillations, make CAFein quite timely. Furthermore, the increasing number of observed short-period detached double white dwarfs (WD) and the observed orbital decay in the tightest of such binaries open up a new possibility of investigating WD interiors through the effects of tides on their orbital evolution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39-55
Number of pages17
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2013


  • binaries
  • color figures
  • general
  • interiors
  • online-only material
  • oscillations
  • planet
  • planetary systems
  • star interactions
  • stars


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