Internally displaced people in Lagos: environmental health conditions and access to healthcare in the context of COVID-19

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Abstract

The paper documents environmental health conditions and healthcare access challenges faced by internally displaced people (IDPs) from Borno State living in informal settlements in Lagos, Nigeria, in 2020, during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. This qualitative study with 32 IDPs suggests a high vulnerability to COVID-19. Their accommodation often lacked basic sanitation including water and toilet facilities; overcrowding and high population density restricted ability to adhere to social distancing; and IDPs experienced serious consequences from lockdown, as the majority depended on daily wages, and did not receive food packages or other support from the State. Finally, there were obstacles to accessing healthcare. We highlight the importance of an integrated approach, consolidating the efforts of communities, non-governmental organisations, environmental and public health, and international organisations to address the health and well-being issues of IDPs in urban informal settlements.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCritical Public Health
Early online date7 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 7 Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Keywords

  • access to healthcare
  • COVID-19
  • environment health conditions
  • Internally displaced people
  • Nigeria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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