BACKGROUND: The International Study Group on Pancreatic Surgery recommends upfront surgery for resectable pancreatic cancer or borderline resectable-venous (BR-V) disease and neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) among those with arterial involvement (BR-A or locally advanced, LA). Though neoadjuvant therapy (NAT) is a promising strategy, outcomes are rarely reported on intention-to-treat (ITT) basis. This study presents ITT outcomes where pathways to surgery were in line with International Study Group on Pancreatic Surgery guidelines.
METHODS: Patients recommended for potentially curative treatment with PDAC between 2012 and 2017 (n = 345) were classified as resectable, BR-A/BR-V or LA, according to NCCN criteria. The primary outcome was overall survival. Secondary outcomes were resection rates, positive margins and toxicity among patients receiving NAT.
RESULTS: At surgery, the resection rates were 78% (172/221), 65% (35/54) and 54% (21/39) for those with resectable, BR-V and BR-A/LA disease, respectively (P < 0.0001). The median survival of those resected in the BR-A/LA cohort was 31 months. However, on an ITT basis, there was no significant difference in survival between resectable, BR-V and BR-A/LA disease (median: 19 versus 15 versus 19 months; P = 0.585). On review, some 31 (44%) patients of the BR-A/LA cohort either did not receive or did not complete NAT.
CONCLUSION: To realize benefits of NAT, more patients need to complete NAT and to undergo resection. Upfront resection for BR-V disease is associated with equivalent outcomes to upfront surgery for resectable disease or NAT for BR-A/LA disease. Strategies to increase the proportion of patients who complete NAT and undergo resection are needed.
- Locally advanced
- Pancreatic cancer