Integrating emotional and psychological support into the end-stage renal disease pathway: A protocol for mixed methods research to identify patients' lower-level support needs and how these can be effectively addressed

Francesca Taylor, Celia Taylor, Jyoti Baharani, Johann Nicholas, Gill Combes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background
As a result of difficulties related to their illness, diagnosis and treatment, patients with end-stage renal disease experience significant emotional and psychological problems, which untreated can have considerable negative impact on their health and wellbeing. Despite evidence that patients desire improved support, management of their psychosocial problems, particularly at the lower-level, remains sub-optimal. There is limited understanding of the specific support that patients need and want, from whom, and when, and also a lack of data on what helps and hinders renal staff in identifying and responding to their patients’ support needs, and how barriers to doing so might be overcome. Through this research we therefore seek to determine what, when, and how, support for patients with lower-level emotional and psychological problems should be integrated into the end-stage renal disease pathway.

Methods/Design
The research will involve two linked, multicentre studies, designed to identify and consider the perspectives of patients at five different stages of the end-stage renal disease pathway (Study 1), and renal staff working with them (Study 2). A convergent, parallel mixed methods design will be employed for both studies, with quantitative and qualitative data collected separately. For each study, the data sets will be analysed separately and the results then compared or combined using interpretive analysis. A further stage of synthesis will employ data-driven thematic analysis to identify: triangulation and frequency of themes across pathway stages; patterns and plausible explanations of effects.

Discussion
There is an important need for this research given the high frequency of lower-level distress experienced by end-stage renal disease patients and lack of progress to date in integrating support for their lower-level psychosocial needs into the care pathway. Use of a mixed methods design across the two studies will generate a holistic patient and healthcare professional perspective that is more likely to identify viable solutions to enable implementation of timely and integrated care. Based on the research outputs, appropriate support interventions will be developed, implemented and evaluated in a linked follow-on study.
Original languageEnglish
Article number111
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Emotional
  • Psychological
  • Distress
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Mixed methods research
  • Integrated care

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