Integrated network models for predicting ecological thresholds: Microbial – carbon interactions in coastal marine systems

K. S. McDonald, V. Turk, P. Mozetič, T. Tinta, F. Malfatti, D. M. Hannah, Stefan Krause

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Abstract

This proof of concept study presents a Bayesian Network (BN) approach that integrates relevant biological and physical-chemical variables across spatial (two water layers) and temporal scales to identify the main contributing microbial mechanisms regulating POC accumulation in the northern Adriatic Sea. Three scenario tests (diatom, nanoflagellate and dinoflagellate blooms) using the BN predicted diatom blooms to produce high chlorophyll a at the water surface while nanoflagellate blooms were predicted to occur also at lower depths (>5 m) in the water column and to produce lower chlorophyll a concentrations. A sensitivity analysis using all available data identified the variables with the greatest influence on POC accumulation being the enzymes, which highlights the importance of microbial community interactions. However, the incorporation of experimental and field data changed the sensitivity of the model nodes ≥25% in the BN and therefore, is an important consideration when combining manipulated data sets in data limited conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-167
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Modelling and Software
Volume91
Early online date16 Feb 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2017

Keywords

  • Adriatic Sea
  • Bacteria
  • Bayesian network
  • Biogeochemical cycling
  • Particulate organic carbon
  • Phytoplankton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecological Modelling

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