Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor isoforms show similar Ca²+ release kinetics

Jeanette Dyer, Francesco Michelangeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


The inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP3R) is an intracellular Ca2+ release channel which upon activation initiates many cellular functions. Multiple InsP3R subtypes are expressed in most cell types but the physiological significance of this heterogeneity is poorly understood. This study has directly compared the functional properties of the three different InsP3R isoforms by analyzing their InsP3-induced Ca2+ release (IICR) properties in cell lines which predominantly express each isoform subtype. The InsP3-dependence of the amount or extent of IICR was InsP3R isoform-specific, with the type III isoform having the lowest affinity with respect to Ca2+ release. The transient kinetics of IICR, measured using stopped-flow spectrofluorimetry, however, were similar for all three InsP3R isoforms. At maximal InsP3 concentrations (20 microM) the rate constants where between 0.8 and 1.0 s(-1) for the fast phase and 0.25-0.45 s(-1) for the slow phase. The concentration of InsP3 required to induce half-maximal rates of Ca2+ release (EC50) were also similar for the three isoforms (0.2-0.4 microM for the fast phase and 0.75-0.95 microM for the slow phase). These results indicate the InsP3R channel does not significantly differ functionally in terms of Ca2+ release rates between isoforms. The temporal and spatial features of intracellular Ca2+ signals are thus probably achieved through InsP3R isoform-specific regulation or localization rather than their intrinsic Ca2+ efflux properties.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-250
Number of pages6
JournalCell Calcium
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2001


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