Innovative fabrication of PZT pillar arrays by a colloidal approach

SM Olhero, L Garcia-Gancedo, Timothy Button, FJ Alves, JMF Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)


An innovative approach for fabricating pillar arrays for ultrasonic transducer applications is disclosed. It involves the preparation of concentrated piezoelectric lead zirconate titanate (PZT) suspensions in aqueous solutions of epoxy resin and its polymerization upon adding a polyamine based hardener. Zeta potential and rheological measurements revealed that 1 wt.% dispersant, 20 wt.% of epoxy resin and a hardener/epoxy resin ratio of 0.275 mL g(-1), were the optimized contents to obtain strong PZT samples with high green strength (35.21 +/- 0.39 MPa). Excellent ellipsoidal and semi-circle shaped pillar arrays presenting lateral dimensions lower than 10 mu m and 100 mu m height were successfully achieved. The organics burning off was conducted at 500 degrees C for 2 h at a heating rate of 1 degrees C min(-1). Sintering was then carried out in the same heating cycle at 1200 degrees C for 1 h. The microstructures of the green and sintered ceramics were homogeneous and no large defects could be detected. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1067-1075
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012


  • Sensors
  • Suspensions
  • Shaping
  • Gel casting
  • PZT


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