Influence of heat treatment on microstructure and tensile behavior of a hot isostatically pressed nickel-based superalloy

Chunlei Qiu, Xinhua Wu, Junfa Mei, Paul Andrew, Wayne Voice

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A nickel-based superalloy powder RR1000 has been hot isotatically pressed (HIPed) and heat treated to produce different microstructures. Microstructures were investigated using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Tensile testing was performed at room temperature and 700ºC and the deformed samples were examined using SEM and transmission electron microscope (TEM). It was found that in the as-HIPed condition the microstructure consisted of coarse and irregular-shaped primary and secondary γ′ together with a low volume fraction of fine γ′ (<50nm in diameter). Solution treatment below the γ′ solvus followed by air cooling resulted in the formation of finer cuboidal secondary γ′ (350nm-750nm) and medium-sized spherical tertiary γ′ (100nm-200nm). This led to an improvement of both the 0.2% yield strength and ultimate tensile strength. Ageing of the solution-treated or of the as-HIPed samples at 760°C resulted in the precipitation of a high population of fine γ′ (around 50nm) which further increased the strength. Within the resolution limit of the current TEM analysis, deformation at room temperature seemed to occur mainly by dislocations cutting through secondary γ′ and very fine γ′, accompanied by the formation of stacking faults within these precipitates; most of the medium-sized tertiary γ′ precipitates in solution-treated and aged samples were not cut through but were surrounded by dislocations. Deformation at 700℃ happened by dislocations cutting through γ′ precipitates and γ matrix, leading to the formation of extended stacking faults across both γ and γ′. It is suggested that the optimum treatment of the powder superalloy is to solution-treat and age after HIPing; this results in properties which are comparable with those of thermomechanically processed samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-464
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Early online date19 Jun 2013
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2013


  • Hot isostatic pressing
  • Heat treatment
  • Nickel-based superalloy
  • Tensile fracture
  • Deformation
  • Microstructure


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