Influence of equalization on LiFePO4 battery inconsistency

Jie Lv, Wenji Song*, Shili Lin, Mingbiao Chen, Ziping Feng, Yongliang Li, Yulong Ding

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Capacity inconsistency among cells is a serious problem in battery energy storage systems. The inconsistency reduces battery pack lifetimes and increases their usage costs. Active balancing is an effective technique for performance equalization between cells. Here, a quantitative analysis method based on an active balancing circuit is developed to explain how battery capacity inconsistency is affected by balancing parameters. Four balancing parameters, namely, charge/discharge current rate, initial capacity difference before balancing, balancing current, and balancing time, have been considered to explain the effects on battery capacity consistency. The results indicate that (1) the inconsistency of batteries can be reduced more effectively for discharging with active balancing at small current rates; (2) for an improved balancing effect, it is necessary to maintain a high ratio (β) of balancing current to charging/discharging current during the balancing process; thus, a larger balancing current is significant; (3) the value of capacity difference reduction ratio (α) grows more dramatically in discharging at large initial battery capacity differences; and (4) when the balancing current only marginally changes, following the increase of current rate, the ratio (γ) of balancing time to charging duration decreases and the balancing effect becomes inconspicuous in charging, while γ increases and the balancing effect reduces in discharging. These influence regulations can help us make and optimize balancing control strategies for LiFePO4 batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1171-1181
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Issue number8
Early online date11 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2017


  • active balancing
  • balancing parameters
  • battery capacity inconsistency
  • battery management systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


Dive into the research topics of 'Influence of equalization on LiFePO4 battery inconsistency'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this