Influence of current density and electrolyte concentration on DC PEO titania coatings

R. H.U. Khan*, A. L. Yerokhin, X. Li, H. Dong, A. Matthews

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Titania films, 5-9 mm in thickness, were produced on commercial purity titanium by a direct current (DC) plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) process using 5 to 20 A dm-2 current densities in 5 to 15 g L-1 trisodium orthophosphate electrolytes. Phase analyses (composition and crystallite size) were carried out using X-ray diffraction and TEM techniques. Residual stresses associated with one of the crystalline coating phases (anatase) were evaluated using the X-ray diffraction Sin2y method. SEM and TEM techniques were utilised to study the cross-section and surface morphologies and nanofeatures of the PEO titania coatings. Variations in the proportions of anatase and rutile phases, surface morphologies, coating thicknesses and associated internal stresses are correlated with the current density and electrolyte concentration used during the DC PEO process on titanium. Direct and shear stresses in the anatase are found in the range -70 to - 331 and - 17 to - 167 MPa respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)102-108
Number of pages7
JournalSurface Engineering
Issue number2
Early online date19 Dec 2013
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Anatase
  • Current
  • Electrolyte
  • PEO
  • Rutile
  • Stresses
  • Titania

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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