Industrially Relevant Canning Trials with a Sterilisation Time-Temperature Integrator

I. Brown, G. S. Tucker, P. J. Fryer, P. W. Cox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Food sterilisation, i.e. heating to above 120 °C for several min, still remains a primary method of food preservation. Current time-temperature integrators (TTIs), used to assess the thermal impact, only work at pasteurisation temperatures (below 100 °C). The aim of this work was to develop and validate a sterilisation TTI using an α-amylase from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus. Previous experiments have found that this α-amylase has a z value similar to that of Clostridium botulinum spores and the enzyme is sufficiently heat resistant to show a measurable residual activity after 30 min at 121 °C. Analysis found a D value of 24 min and a slightly variable z value of around 11 °C. The decrease in enzymatic activity from thermal processing was found after a F121°C process of 5 min to be 67 %, and for a F121°C of 30 min it was 12 %, thus making P. furiosus α-amylase a strong and relevant candidate for a sterilisation TTI. Trials with canned water and mango chutney as test materials have confirmed the potential application of the enzyme within an industrially relevant setting of a model reel and spiral retort. The thermal data showed that at low or marginal F121°C values, of less than 15 min, the correlation between the TTI and thermocouple data was closely comparable (R 2 = 0.96). The applicability of these TTIs over the range of industrial processes is also shown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3433-3440
Number of pages8
JournalFood and Bioprocess Technology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013


  • Canning
  • Sterilisation value
  • Thermal processing
  • Time-temperature integrator
  • TTI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Industrially Relevant Canning Trials with a Sterilisation Time-Temperature Integrator'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this