In-situ experimental benchmarking of solid oxide fuel cell metal interconnect solutions

Manuel Bianco, Priscilla Caliandro, Stefan Diethelm, Shicai Yang, Alessandro Dellai, Jan Van herle, Robert Steinberger-Wilckens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
159 Downloads (Pure)


The progress in the diffusion of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) as commercial devices is not paired by literature production. Articles describing the behaviour of SOFC stacks are rare because of confidentiality reasons for commercial suppliers while research centres prefer to focus on single components or low technology readiness level research.

This article aim to fill this gap presenting the analysis of three short stacks run in operative conditions for 10 000 h each. The stacks are characterized through voltage vs time curves, electron microscopy, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Focus is given on the interconnect; notably on the different types of coatings, varying for composition (MnCo2O4, MnCo1.8Fe0.2O4) and deposition technique (atmospheric plasma spray-APS, physical vapour deposition-PVD, wet powder spraying-WPS). Nitriding of the steel substrate as a solution to improve the chromium retention properties is tested as well.

Results: indicate that coating deposition technique is the most important parameter, with single repeat unit (SRU) containing PVD coating showing the lowest voltage degradation rate. Commercial ferritic stainless steel K41
confirmed to be a reliable choice if coupled with a coating. Moreover, SRU containing WPS coating demonstrated to be more reliable than expected from standard area specific resistance 4-probe test.
Original languageEnglish
Article number228163
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Early online date17 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020


  • SOFC stacks
  • Stainless Steels
  • coatings
  • corrosion
  • degradation
  • interconnects
  • post-test analysis
  • spinel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Metals and Alloys


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