The article examines the impact of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) on domestic change in Ukraine during the period 2005-2007. Due to the interplay of external and domestic factors, no political leadership on European matters emerged in Ukraine under the ENP. The implementation of the Action Plan (AP) - the key instrument of the policy - has been left to the discretion of middle-level state officials, resulting in selective empowerment of sections of the state apparatus. However, without strong political engagement or an effective coordinating mechanism, this delivered slow, uneven and localised results. Nevertheless, despite the limited impact of the ENP, it is through the AP that the European Union has for the very first time started to affect domestic developments in Ukraine.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The author gratefully acknowledges support from the British Academy (Grant number SG-38537) for research on Ukraine–EU relations under the European Neighbourhood Policy. She would also like to thank Tim Haughton, Iryna Solonenko, Nathaniel Copsey and Olga Shumylo for providing useful comments on the first draft of the article. Different version or sections of the article were presented at the seminar at St Anthony’s College, Oxford University in January 2007, at the Wider Europe conference, European Research Institute, University of Birmingham in June 2007, the CREES Annual Conference, Cumberland Lodge, Windsor Great Park, June 2007 and the ICCEES European Congress ‘Transcending Europe’s Borders: The EU and Its Neighbours’ in Berlin in August 2007.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Sociology and Political Science
- Economics and Econometrics