Implementation of an F-statistic all-sky search for continuous gravitational waves in Virgo VSR1 data

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration, Andreas Freise, Kat Grover, Ilya Mandel, David Stops, Alberto Vecchio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


We present an implementation of the F-statistic to carry out the first search in data from the Virgo laser interferometric gravitational wave detector for periodic gravitational waves from a priori unknown, isolated rotating neutron stars. We searched a frequency f0 range from 100 Hz to 1 kHz and the frequency dependent spindown f1 range from -1.6(f0/100 Hz) x 10-9 Hz s-1 to zero. A large part of this frequency–spindown space was unexplored by any of the all-sky searches published so far. Our method consisted of a coherent search over two-day periods using the F-statistic, followed by a search for coincidences among the candidates from the two-day segments. We have introduced a number of novel techniques and algorithms that allow the use of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm in the coherent part of the search resulting in a fifty-fold speed-up in computation of the F-statistic with respect to the algorithm used in the other pipelines. No significant gravitational wave signal was found. The sensitivity of the search was estimated by injecting signals into the data. In the most sensitive parts of the detector band more than 90% of signals would have been detected with dimensionless gravitational-wave amplitude greater than 5 x 10-24.
Original languageEnglish
Article number165014
Number of pages27
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 5 Aug 2014


  • gravitational waves
  • gravitational radiation detectors
  • pulsars
  • data analysis: algorithms and implementation


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