Impact responses of prestressing tendons in railway concrete sleepers in high speed rail environments

Sakdirat Kaewunruen, Alex Remennikov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Citations (Scopus)
110 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Prestressed concrete sleepers (or railroad ties) are designed in order to carry and
transfer the wheel loads from the rails to the ground and are installed as the crosstie beam support in railway track systems. They are subjected to impact loading conditions that are resulted from train operations over wheel or rail abnormalities, such as flat wheels, dipped rails, crossing transfers, rail squats, corrugation, etc. The magnitude of the shock load relies on various factors such as axle load, types of wheel/rail imperfections, speeds of vehicle, track stiffness, etc.

This paper demonstrates the development of finite element modelling to evaluate the dynamic responses of prestressed tendons or wires embedded in concrete sleepers, particularly under a variety of impact loads. The force prediction under high speed rail environment was conducted using D-TRACK. The 3D finite element model of prestressed concrete sleeper has been developed using a finite element package, LS-Dyna. It has been verified by the experiments
carried out using the high capacity drop-weight impact machine at the University of Wollongong, Australia. The experimental results provide very good correlation with numerical simulations. In this paper, the numerical studies are extended to evaluate the dynamic behaviors of high strength steel wires and their responses under different parameters in high speed rail environments. The outcome of this study can potentially lead to the dynamic design guideline for prestressed concrete sleepers under low-cycle fatigues. Future work includes more detailed
investigation into the effect of track bed and rail pad degradation subject to higher frequency impacts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCOMPDYN 2015: Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
EditorsM. Papadrakakis , V. Papadopoulos , V. Plevris
Place of PublicationCrete Island, Greece
PublisherNational Technical University of Athens
Pages38-48
ISBN (Print)978-9609999472
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015
Event5th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, COMPDYN 2015 - Crete, Greece
Duration: 25 May 201527 May 2015

Publication series

NameThe COMPDYN Conference Proceedings

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, COMPDYN 2015
Country/TerritoryGreece
Period25/05/1527/05/15

Keywords

  • Railway
  • Concrete Sleepers
  • Railroad Ties
  • Prestressing Tendons/Wires
  • Impact
  • Dynamic Responses
  • LS-Dyna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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