Impact of Right Ventricular Dysfunction on Mortality in Patients Hospitalized With COVID-19, According to Race

William E Moody, Hani M Mahmoud-Elsayed, Jonathan Senior, Uzma Gul, Ayisha M Khan-Kheil, Sebastian Horne, Amitava Banerjee, William M Bradlow, Robert Huggett, Sandeep S Hothi, Muhammad Shahid, Richard P Steeds

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Abstract

Background: Epidemiologic studies suggest that Black, Asian, and minority ethnic (BAME) patients may be at risk of worse outcomes from coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19), but the pathophysiological drivers for this association are unknown. This study sought to investigate the relationship between findings on echocardiography, mortality, and race in COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: This was a multicentre, retrospective, observational study including 164 adults (aged 61 ± 13 years; 78% male; 36% BAME) hospitalized with COVID-19 undergoing echocardiography between March 16 and May 9, 2020 at 3 days (interquartile range 2-5) from admission. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Results: After a median follow-up of 31 days (interquartile range 14-42 days), 66 (40%) patients had died. The right ventricle was dilated in 62 (38%) patients, and 58 (35%) patients had right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction. Only 2 (1%) patients had left ventricular (LV) dilatation, and 133 (81%) had normal or hyperdynamic LV systolic function. Reduced tricuspid annulus planar systolic excursion was associated with elevated D-dimer (ρ = −0.18, P = 0.025) and high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin (ρ = −0.30, P < 0.0001). Reduced RV systolic function (hazard ratio 1.80; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-3.09; P = 0.032) was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality after adjustment for demographic and clinical risk factors. Comparing white and BAME individuals, there were no differences in echocardiography findings, biomarkers, or mortality. Conclusions: In patients hospitalized with COVID-19 pneumonia, reduced RV systolic function is prevalent and associated with all-cause mortality. There is, however, no racial variation in the early findings on echocardiography, biomarkers, or mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalCJC open
Volume3
Issue number1
Early online date20 Sep 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by a British Heart Foundation Accelerator Award, UK ( BHF AA/18/2/34218 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Canadian Cardiovascular Society

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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