Imaging the Structure, Symmetry, and Surface-Inhibited Rotation of Polyoxometalate Ions on Graphene Oxide

J Sloan, Z Liu, K Suenaga, NR Wilson, PA Pandey, LM Perkins, JP Rourke, Ian Shannon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)


Atomic-resolution imaging of discrete [gamma-SiW10O36](8-) lacunary Keggin ions dispersed MO monolayer graphene oxide (GO) films by low voltage aberration corrected transmission electron microscopy is described. Under low electron beam dose, individual anions remain stationary for long enough that a variety of projections can be observed and structural information extracted with ca. +/- 0.03 nm precision. Unambiguous assignment of the orientation of individual ions with respect to the point symmetry elements can be determined. The C-2 gamma symmetry [gamma-SiW10O36](8-) ion was imaged along its 2-fold C-2 axis or orthogonally with respect to one of two nonequivalent mirror planes (i.e., sigma(nu)). Continued electron beam exposure of a second ion imaged orthogonal to sigma(nu) causes it to translate and/or rotate in an inhibited fashion so that the ion can be viewed in different relative orientations. The inhibited surface motion of the anion, which is in response to H-bonding-type interactions, reveals an important new property for GO in that it demonstrably behaves as a chemically modified (i.e., rather than chemically neutral) surface in electron microscopy. This behavior indicates that GO has more in common with substrates used in imaging techniques such as atomic force microscopy and scanning tunneling microscopy, and this clearly sets it apart From other support films used in transmission electron microscopy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4600-4606
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2010


  • polyoxometalate
  • graphene oxide
  • Graphene
  • surface chemistry
  • electron microscopy


Dive into the research topics of 'Imaging the Structure, Symmetry, and Surface-Inhibited Rotation of Polyoxometalate Ions on Graphene Oxide'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this