Enterococcus innesii sp. nov., isolated from the wax moth Galleria mellonella

Harriet C. C. Gooch, Raymond Kiu, Steven Rudder, David J. Baker, Lindsay J. Hall*, Anthony Maxwell*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Four bacterial strains were isolated from two different colony sources of the wax moth Galleria mellonella. They were characterized by a polyphasic approach including 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, core-genome analysis, average nucleotide identity (ANI) analysis, digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH), determination of G+C content, screening of antibiotic resistance genes, and various phenotypic analyses. Initial analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence identities indicated that strain GAL7T was potentially very closely related to Enterococcus casseliflavus and Enterococcus gallinarum, having 99.5–99.9 % sequence similarity. However, further analysis of whole genome sequences revealed a genome size of 3.69 Mb, DNA G+C content of 42.35 mol%, and low dDDH and ANI values between the genomes of strain GAL7T and closest phylogenetic relative E. casseliflavus NBRC 100478T of 59.0 and 94.5 %, respectively, indicating identification of a putative new Enterococcus species. In addition, all novel strains encoded the atypical vancomycin-resistance gene vanC-4. Results of phylogenomic, physiological and phenotypic characterization confirmed that strain GAL7T represented a novel species within the genus Enterococcus , for which the name Enterococcus innesii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GAL7T (=DSM 112306T=NCTC 14608T).
Original languageEnglish
Article number005168
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 17 Dec 2021


  • antibiotic resistance
  • Enterococcus
  • Galleria mellonella
  • novel species
  • vancomycin resistant
  • wax moth


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