Hydrothermal liquefaction - upgrading

Ursel Hornung*, Andrea Kruse, Gökçen Akgül

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


Hydrothermal processes open up the opportunity to convert biomass with a naturally high water content. In biomass conversion without water as a solvent and reactant the carbohydrates 'depolymerise', which requires higher temperatures. Lignocellulosic biomass is one of the most abundant renewable organic materials in the world. Lignin, a major compound of lignocellulosic biomass, is mostly available as waste material. As lignin is relatively resistant to chemical or enzymatic degradation, harsh reaction conditions are required to break down the polymer. The high amount of water contaminated with organic compounds is a challenge of hydrothermal liquefaction process development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransformation of Biomass
Subtitle of host publicationTheory to Practice
EditorsAndreas Hornung
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781118693643
ISBN (Print)9781119973270
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sept 2014


  • Biomass
  • Carbohydrates
  • Hydrothermal liquefaction process
  • Lignin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry


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