Human CARD9: a critical molecule of fungal immune surveillance

Rebecca A. Drummond, Luis M. Franco, Michail S. Lionakis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)
210 Downloads (Pure)


CARD9 is a signaling adaptor protein that is involved in the transduction of signals from a variety of innate pattern recognition receptors, including the C-type lectin receptors and intracellular NOD receptors and nucleic acid sensors. As a result, CARD9 has been shown in animal models to be an important regulator of immunity to bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Studies in humans with autosomal recessive CARD9 deficiency have indicated a highly specific role for this molecule in the activation of antifungal immune responses in the central nervous system, the oral mucosa, and the skin. Moreover, CARD9-dependent functions have recently been indicated to modulate the development of autoimmunity, inflammatory bowel diseases, and cancer. In this mini-review, we highlight the recent studies that have identified several novel functions of CARD9 in various disease contexts, and we summarize the contemporary understanding of the genetics and immunology of human CARD9 deficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1836
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2018


  • C-type lectin receptors
  • Candidiasis
  • CARD9
  • Fungi
  • Neutrophils
  • Primary immunodeficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


Dive into the research topics of 'Human CARD9: a critical molecule of fungal immune surveillance'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this